The role of change leadership in The role of change leadership in the public secondary school in eliminating waste of operations using the Lean management approach - a qualitative study.

  • Mohamed Abdel Salam Mohamed Mahmoud El Balshi An expert teacher in the Directorate of Education in Damietta Governorate, Egypt,
Keywords: Continuous improvement, case study, waste of leadership


The study aimed to enrich the educational literature by suggesting a method for managing secondary school based on addressing the forms of waste in operations and showing the role of change leadership in secondary school in eliminating operational waste through the use of a lean approach, improving secondary school operations and adapting them with the Lean approach to maximize added value, improve performance, and enhance job satisfaction.

The study adopted a qualitative approach based on the case study method, and used a focus group interview, where 7 group interviews were conducted with 21 school staff, teachers, administrators, technical mentors, and heads of departments in the educational administration that the school subject to the case study follows. Through the focus group interviews, the pathways of value production were revealed in the secondary school, and the researcher was able in an inductive way to understand the main issues, ideas, and concerns related to waste in school operations.

The study found:

- There are five types of waste in secondary school: wasting teachers’ capabilities, wasting operations, wasting information, wasting material assets, and wasting leadership.

- Implementation of two workshops on the Lean approach and how change leadership can use it to eliminate waste. By understanding the governing philosophy of the Lean approach and training in the application of its tools, you can lead change in Egyptian secondary schools, maximize the role of the school, enhance the capabilities of workers, and transform the high school into a real educational institution.

- The case study demonstrated the possibility of applying the Lean approach to secondary school operations and its success in eliminating waste, which enabled the school leadership to improve the flow of operations and reduce work for teachers, and allowed the reinvestment of staff time in ways that lead to adding new value to existing operations.

- Strong leadership is a necessary condition for using the Lean approach, and it should spend 80% of the effort when using the Lean approach on changing leadership beliefs, behaviors and practices; Because strategic leadership activities facilitate the use of the approach.


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How to Cite
El Balshi, M. (2022). The role of change leadership in The role of change leadership in the public secondary school in eliminating waste of operations using the Lean management approach - a qualitative study. International Journal of Research in Educational Sciences., 5(3), 131 - 178. Retrieved from