Causal modeling for relationships among quality of life, fear of (COVID-19), psychological resilience, social anxiety, religiosity, and the big five factors of personality in the Arabian community
The current study aimed to determine the levels of quality of life, fear of Covid-19, and psychological resilience and also examine the causal model among quality of life, Fear of COVID-19, psychological resilience, social anxiety, big five factors of personality, and religiosity in Arabian community. Survey and correlation study was conducted to 538 participant, age (M=27.19, SD=9.82), nationality (442 Egyptian, 96 Arabian countries). A brief versions of scales were used, quality of life (α=0.91), fear of COVID-19 (α=0.892), psychological resilience (α=0.862), social anxiety (α=0.892), religiosity (α=0.829), and 10 item version of big five of personality (Rammstedt & John, 2007). Descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation, and path analysis by LISREL were conducted to analyze the data. Results revealed medium levels of COVID-19 while high levels of quality of life and resilience. Extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, resilience, and religiosity have significant direct positive effects on the quality of life while social anxiety has negative effect. Social anxiety, neuroticism, and religiosity have Significant Positive effects on the fear of COVID-19. Extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness have significant negative effects on the social anxiety while neuroticism and openness have positive effects. Extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, and religiosity have significant direct positive effects on resilience. The importance, limitations, and recommendations of the study were discussed.
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