The Reality of Using the Student Centered Learning Strategies in Teaching of Social Studies
Abstract: The study aimed to identify the reality of using the student-centered learning strategies in teaching of social studies from the viewpoints of social studies teachers in general education. The study population consisted of (2205) teachers who teach in the city of Riyadh, and the sample of the study consisted of (152) social studies teachers. In order to answer the questions of the study, a questionnaire was applied after verifying its validity and reliability to identify the obstacles in using the strategies. The data of the study was statistically processed by arithmetic means, standard deviations, T-test and LSD. The study reached a number of results, the most important of all are the following: The reality of use was 3.48 in average, which highly significantly shows that there are clear obstacles preventing the use of the student-centered learning strategies in general education. The levels of obstacles were varied in the domains between 3.17 and 3.88 on average. The second domain which is related to " School environment" was the first obstacle which prevents the use of strategies by an average 3.87. The third domain which is related to "students and parents" was in the last rank as an obstacle which prevents the use of strategies by an average 3.17. The study recommended to emphasize the use of student-centered learning strategies in teaching of social studies.
Key Words: Student Centered Learning Strategies, Learning Strategies, Teaching of Social Studies
• Abu Riach, Hussein Mohammed et al (1430). The Origins of Learning Strategies, Theory and Practice, Amman: Dar Al Thaqafa. .(In Arabic).
• Abu Shama, Mohammed Rushdie (2012). The effectiveness of teaching using the problem-based education strategy in the development of achievement and cognitive reasoning skills and the level of ambition among students in the fourth grade in science, Journal of Scientific Education - Egypt, (Volume XVIII Issue 3). .(In Arabic).
• Abu Sneineh, Odeh et al. (2010). The degree of practicing the principles of active learning in the teaching of the subject of social studies from the perspective of its teachers in the schools of UNRWA in Jordan, Zarqa magazine for research and humanitarian studies - Jordan, (Volume IX Issue 2). .(In Arabic).
• Aghbari, Saif Youssef (2013). The degree to which social studies teachers used learner-centered learning methods in Oman, unpublished master's thesis. .(In Arabic).
• Alaa Eddin, Jihad Mahmoud (2010). The extent of the practice of learning based on the learner among faculty members working in Jordanian universities, the educational magazine - Kuwait, (Volume XXIV number 95). .(In Arabic).
• Al-Aslbi, Fahd Abdullah (1421). Methods of teaching social subjects, Riyadh: Dar Ashbilia. .(In Arabic).
• Ali, Mohamed El Sayed (2011). Recent Trends and Applications in Curricula and Teaching Methods, Amman: Dar Al-Misir. .(In Arabic).
• Ali, Said Abdel Moez (2013). The effectiveness of problem-based learning strategy in the development of some concepts of citizenship of kindergarten child, Journal of Arab Studies in Education and Psychology - Saudi Arabia (No. 33). .(In Arabic).
• Al-Jalali, Maan Mustafa (2011). Educational Achievement, Amman: Dar Al-Misir. .(In Arabic).
• Alkarrarah, Ahmed Odeh, and the argument of Ramadan (2013). The Effectiveness of a Learning-Based Program Built in Teaching Science in the Achievement of Ninth Grade Students and Development of Knowledge-Based Atonement Skills, Journal of Educational and Psychological Sciences, Bahrain (Volume 14, Issue 2). .(In Arabic).
• Al-Laqani, Ahmed Hussein and Ali Al-Jamal (2003) Glossary of Educational Terms Knowledge, 3, Cairo: World of Books. .(In Arabic).
• Al-Quraini, Saud (2018). The reality of the methods of teaching social studies in general education schools. .(In Arabic).
• Al-Qurashi, Prince of Ibrahim (2009). Effectiveness of a training program based on some active learning strategies in developing the critical thinking skills of social studies teachers in general secondary education, Journal of the Educational Association for Social Studies, Egypt (No. 20). .(In Arabic).
• Al-Rubaie, Mahmoud (2006). Contemporary Teaching Methods and Methods, Jordan: World of Books. .(In Arabic).
• Al-Shahat, Du'aa Al-Badawi (2012). The Effectiveness of Problem-Based Learning Strategy in the Development of Some Life Skills, Journal of the College of Education, Port Said, Egypt (No. 12). .(In Arabic).
• Al-Wadi, Mahmoud and Ali Falah Al-Zu'bi (2011). Methods of Scientific Research Methodological Approach, Amman: Curriculum House. .(In Arabic).
• Asayed. Ahmed Jaber (2003). Methods of teaching and learning social studies, Sohag: Dar Mohsen for printing and publishing. .(In Arabic).
• Asha, Triumph Khalil (2011). The Impact of Using Active Learning Strategies on Improving Academic Achievement and Self-Concept of Third-Grade Students, Dirasat - Educational Sciences Journal, Jordan (Volume 38). .(In Arabic).
• Bonwell, C, C., & Eison, J. A (1991). Active Learning: Creating excitement in the classroom. ASHE-ERIC Higher Education Report No.1.George Washington University.
• El-Sherbini, Fawzi (2012), Effectiveness of Using Some Active Learning Strategies in Teaching Social Studies in Increasing Achievement and Development of Skills of Using Geographical Instruments in First Grade Students, unpublished study. .(In Arabic).
• El-Shneef, Mohamed Ali (2008). Obstacles to the use of modern methods in the teaching of social materials for the basic stage in the Republic of Yemen, unpublished master thesis, Sana'a University. .(In Arabic).
• Hagras, Nima Talkhan Zaki (2011). Effectiveness of a strategy based on active learning in the development of the skills of scientific reasoning in the teaching of preparatory students, No. (12), Cairo: Journal of Scientific Research in Education. .(In Arabic).
• Henson, K . T (2003).Foundations for Learner- centered Education: A Knowledge base, Education (Chula Vista, Calif), 124 (1),4-12.
• Hussein, Ibrahim (2013). The effectiveness of problem-based learning strategy in the teaching of mathematics on academic achievement and the development of some critical thinking skills among students in the preparatory stage, Journal of the Faculty of Education (Banha University) - Egypt (Volume 24, No. 93). .(In Arabic).
• Ibrahim, Majdi Aziz (2003). Modern Organizations of Educational Curricula, Cairo: Anglo-Egyptian Library. .(In Arabic).
• Jackies, David (2008). Learning in groups, translation: Ezzo Afana et al., Amman: Dar Al-Misir. .(In Arabic).
• King,J,M, (2000). Learner – centered teacher beliefs and student – perceived teaching effectiveness. Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation, University of North Texas.
• Mc Combs,B,L. (2003a). A Framework for the redesign of K-12 education in the context of current educational reform. Theory Into Practice, 42 (1), 93 – 101.
• Meyers, C & Jones, T.B (1993).Promoting active Learning strategies for the college classroom. San Francisco: Jossey – Bass Inc.
• Ministry of Education (1434 e). Statistical book, Riyadh: Department of Education in Riyadh. .(In Arabic).
• Mustafa, Salwa Othman (2010). Using Differentiated Instructional Strategies in the field of art works to develop the motivation for achievement and the trend towards learning and small projects among the students of the one-level multi-level school, Journal of Studies in Curriculum and Teaching Methods - Egypt (No. 158). .(In Arabic).
• Najdi, Adel Rasmi (2010). The professional satisfaction of the teachers of social studies in the primary stage in Egypt in the light of the implementation of the strategies of comprehensive assessment and active learning, Journal of Educational and Psychological Sciences - Bahrain, (Volume XI, Issue 3). .(In Arabic).
• Obeidat, Toukan, and Abu Samaid Suhaila (2005). Teaching strategies in the 21st century, Amman: Debono Center. .(In Arabic).
• Olive, Hassan (2009). Teaching Strategies: A Contemporary Vision of Teaching and Learning Methods, 2, Cairo: The World of Books.
• Omar, Abdul Aziz (1428). Language of educators, Riyadh: Bureau of Arab Education for the Gulf States. .(In Arabic).
• Pierce, J. W., Kalman, D.L., & Dean, C. (2002).Validating the Learner – centered model with undergraduates in teacher education. Paper – sented at the American Educational Research Association Convention.
• Qatami, Youssef (2013). Cognitive Theory in Learning, Amman: Dar Al Masirah.
• Saadi, Ammar Tahemeh (2011). The Impact of the Problem-Based Learning Strategy on the Achievement of Mathematics in and Towards the Fifth Grade Students, Anbar University Journal of Human Sciences (No. 3). .(In Arabic).
• Sadaa, Jawdat Ahmed et al. (2006). Active Learning, Amman: Dar Al Shorouk. .(In Arabic).
• Sadaa, Jawdat and Fahad Al-Amiri (2019). Curriculum Evaluation Modern Trends - International Standards and Future Prospects, Amman: Dar Al Masirah. .(In Arabic).
• Sadaa, Jawdat and Fahad Al-Amiri (2019). Evaluation of Curricula between Strategies and Models, Amman: Dar Al Masirah. .(In Arabic).
• Salim, Ibrahim (2012). The effectiveness of active learning based on mental maps in the teaching of social studies for the development of geographical understanding and critical thinking among students in the first grade preparatory, Journal of the Educational Association for Social Studies - Egypt (No. 44). .(In Arabic).
• Samara, Nawaf Ahmed, and Adaily Abdul Salam (2008). Concepts and Terminology in Educational Sciences, Amman: Dar Al Masirah. .(In Arabic).
• Shammari, Zainab Hassan (2011). Effect of training on some of the strategies of active learning in the development of teaching skills of female students teachers in the College of Education for Girls Hail University, Journal of Imam Muhammad bin Saud Islamic University - Humanities and Social Sciences - Saudi Arabia, (number 20). .(In Arabic).
• Sharon, D. &Martha, L.(2001) : Learning and Development . New York : McGraw Hill Book Co.
• Sulaiman, Samiha Mohammed (2011). The Effectiveness of Some Active Learning Strategies on Educational Achievement in Curriculum Foundations and Principles, Journal of the Faculty of Education, Assiut, Egypt (Volume 27, Issue 1). .(In Arabic).
• Syrup, Zinat Abdel Raouf (2013). The impact of using a self-learning strategy program to improve the listening process in English for high school students, Reading and Knowledge Magazine, Egypt (No. 136).
• Taima, Rushdi Ahmed et al. (2009). The Modern School Curriculum, I2, Amman: Dar Al Masirah. .(In Arabic).
• UNESCO (2001): International Bureau Of Education . "Science Education for contemporary society : problems, Issues, and Dilemma". Final Repot of the International workshop on the reform in the teaching of science and technology level in Asia: Comparative References Europe.
• Van Dalin, Deobold (1990). Research Methods in Education and Psychology, I4, translated by: Muhammad Nofal and others. Cairo: The Anglo-Egyptian Library.
• Vega, Q. C., & Taylor, M. R. (2005). Incorporating course content while fostering amore learner – centered environment. College Teaching, 53 (2), 83-86.
• Waskow, J. A. (2006).Understanding and Application of Learner- Centeredness Among Community College Faculty. Unpublished Doc-toral Dissertation, Walden University.
• Wiles, John (1435). Leadership development curriculum, translation: Rashid Hussein Al-Abdul Karim, Riyadh: King Saud University Publishing House. .(In Arabic).
Copyright (c) 2019 Ahmad M AL Hussein
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Creative Commons License: CC BY-NC
Creative Commons Rights Expression Language (CC REL)